Guide to African Cichlids
Cichlids are one of the most colourful freshwater fish that can be found. Each species has its own unique color and there are a wide range of cichlids. Cichlids are generally more difficult to keep than other tropical fish, such as tetras, guppies, and gouramis. These are more suited for intermediate level fishkeepers.
Cichlids love to follow people walking around the tank, but be careful not to overfeed your cichlids. On average, cichlids live for 8 years in an aquarium. Depending on the species, cichlids may live up to 15 years old.
African Cichlids eat different things such as plants, insects, and meat.
Habitat and Environment
- A minimum tank size of 30 is required, however, 55 gallons is recommended.
- Cichlids love hiding spots, such as caves. Rocks are also a good addition
- 24°C - 29°C (75°F - 85°F)
- 7.8 - 8.6 pH
- African Cichlids require about 4 - 6 dH of hardness in the water
- Fine grained substrate (fine enough to not damage their scales)
Behavior & Compatibility
Cichlids are very active and also aggressive. They can be territorial, especially when mating. Be aware when introducing other smaller fishes into your aquarium.
Bottom dwellers can be good tank mates with cichlids. They should be a match for the size and aggression of the cichlids. Avoid mixing cichlids up with small fish such as tetras, as the cichlids will often eat them. Also do not mix African cichlids with South American cichlids.
Different Types of Cichlids
- Peacock Cichlid
- Yellow Cichlid